Special effects is imagery that is created from non-genuine or artificial sources or crude material to some degree or entire but should seem genuine, predictable with whatever is left of the components in the story.
Special effects (often abbreviated as SFX, SPFX, or simply FX) are illusions or visual tricks used in the film, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world. For example space travel that can’t be accomplished by cutting edge or ordinary methods.
Example for Special Effect
In the show event that you show a genuine tiger, will the audience think it is genuine? Not likely, but rather it will seem genuine, steady with whatever remains of the fictional story (which isn’t genuine as well). Then again, if you show the audience a film like Who Framed Roger Rabbit they realize the movement isn’t genuine but still, accept it as a major aspect of the imaginary world made by the producers.
Click on below Video: Who Framed Roger Rabbit
Special Effect is divided into two categories:
1. Mechanical Effects (Physical Effects)
Mechanical/ Practical Effects are achieved during the live action shooting in which they make use of scenery, scale models, animatronics, mechanized props and atmospheric effects in creating physical rain, wind, snow, fog, clouds etc.
These effects are also incorporated into makeup and set design.
Click on below Video: Beginners Mistakes in SFX
For Example: Prosthetic makeup can be used to make an actor look like a non-human creature or a set may be built with breakaway walls or mirror to enhance a fight scene.
2. Optical Effects (Photographic Effects)
Optical impacts are techniques utilized in image or film outlines are made photographically either “in-camera” utilizing multiple exposure, mattes or post-production using an optical printer. An optical impact may be utilized to put performing artists or sets against a different background.
Computer-generated imagery (CGI) has gone to the forefront of special effects technologies. It gives film producers more control and enables numerous effects to be practiced all the more securely and convincingly and—as technology improves—at lower costs. Therefore, numerous optical and mechanical effects technique have been supplanted by CGI.
Different Techniques to Create Special Effect
There are three techniques to create images for video or films:
1. Through the Camera
HDR (High Dynamic Range)
Filters and Lighting
Zooms, movements, etc.
Prosthetics and Make-up
Miniature sets, models, etc.
Motion control rigs
Action, Stunts, Simulations
Guns and Weapons
Set Design and Decoration
Lens (e.g. fisheye, tilt-shift, etc.)
Animatronics, puppetry, robots, models, etc.
Color or Tonal effects (Black and white, LUTs, Gammas, etc.)
False perspective (using the set and lens)
Click on below Video: How to Add Special Effect in your Video
Other media or imagery
3. Computer Software and Hardware
Painting, Matte painting
Motion Graphics, Text, Shapes
Lighting, Ray tracing, Shading
Resizing, reframing, transcoding
Bullet-time, Time-lapse, Hyper-lapse
Fluid dynamics, Fractals and Particle dynamics
2D and 3D Models, Texturing and Animation
Slow-motion or high-speed Retiming and Interpolation
Click on below Video: 7 Movie before and after Special Effect
Special effects are visual tricks used in the movie, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a virtual world. Special effects Artists use the technique to blend both physical techniques and digital wizardry.
Nothing is impossible – Living, breathing dinosaurs roam the Earth, Humans rocket to distant galaxies and war with alien races, Monsters rise from the sea and destroy this types of cinematic magic is made possible by the hard work of special effects artists. Hundreds of computer animators, explosives experts, model makers, puppeteers and make-up artists spend thousands of hours crafting these on-screen realities.
Click on Below Video: Special Effects for Beginners
How to Become a Special Effects Artist?
Special effects artists create mythical creatures in fantasy films, huge explosions in action movies and realistic 3D environments seen in many animated movies. Read on to learn about what does a special effects artist do, educations and skills requirements, educational programs, working conditions and potential wages in this field.
Click on Below Video: How to Become a Special Effects Makeup Artist
What does a Special Effects Artist Do?
Special effects artist focus on post-production effects for films or tv shows; this type of work involves in image editing to achieve a variety of effects. Example: you may be adding non-existent animals, erasing anachronistic items or merging multiple shots to create layered scenes. This work is done using digital software, which may require long hours in front of a computer working.
Also, special effects artists perform practical work on in-progress productions, and you have to use theatrical makeup to give an actor fake wounds. You could also work with puppets, models or robots. Working on a film or TV set may require travel, depending on the nature of the production.
Education Requirement for Special Effects Artists
There is no specific degree required for a career as a special effects artist; some employers may provide on-the-job training. However, certified programs can help you develop your skills and may lead to increased employment opportunities.
Arena Sayajigunj offers a certified course in visual effect this course may include basic and advanced special effect training such as visual arts, digital arts, computer graphics, lighting, digital sculpting, animation, modelling, painting and others.
Skills Required for a Special Effects Artist
A special effects artist turns texts into pictures. Artist can cultivate the art of listening. Writers and directors describe specific ideas to the special effects artist, and the artist must understand the concept and create an image that comes as close as possible to the original concept.
Special effects artist use computer software such as After Effects, Houdini, 3D max, Maya, nuke. Technical knowledge must be coupled with natural artistic talent.
Ability to work under pressure and meet deadlines is very important for a special effects artist. Whether the artist works in the film industry, music video field or video game, artists work on a project basis. Film and video projects factor time into budgets and if delays that put a project over-budget can stop the project.
Working Conditions of Special Effects Artists
A special effects artist works with a myriad of personalities to make a project come together. Often several special effects artists are working on different components of the same scene, and they must work together to design one seamless image. Artists make their images work with live actors, backgrounds and other special effects artists who may be working on other image types.
Special effects artists work for large companies, such as Industrial Light & Magic, Disney, Pixar and Dreamworks, or for independent filmmakers.
Special effects artists create optical, mechanical and computer-generated effects that are used in video games or for tv shows, movies or music videos. They must be skilled in computer software that generates effects and needs the ability to work under pressure and deadlines.
Some Related Alternative Careers
Graphic designers create images with computers to communicate ideas that convey specific messages to consumers, primarily through brochures, advertisements and magazines. Web design and developers have similar responsibilities in regards to the overall look and feel of a website. Art directors use their trained eyes to influence and control the overall visual style of magazines, packaging, newspapers, and film/TV productions. They need strong communication, interpersonal, and organizational skills as they direct others who develop and format the artwork.
Click on Below Video: Movie Special Effects Before / After
Difference Between Visual Effect and Special Effect
Visual Effect (VFX)
VFX are done in post-production, through the power of a computer animation software. For Example, if you create a computer model of a spaceship and fly it across the background of a scene or If you greenscreen an actor to make it look like he’s falling from a plane, all this is possible using VFX.
Special Effect (SFX)
SFX are done ‘in camera,’ that actually, physically happen. For Example, if you drop a matchstick in petrol can and record the resultant blast or If you build a prosthetic arm, then attach it to actor then have it ripped off, and blood spurt out all these things are done using SFX.
You can also mix both them up, like shooting an SFX footage and composite it using VFX.